Rutherford county Constable added to National Law Enforcement Memorial

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A Rutherford County constable who died in the line of duty in 1878 was memorialized this year on the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Constable Abner Dement, who was shot by a suspected horse thief Aug. 19, 1878, was formally remembered during the 30th Annual Candlelight Vigil Sunday night during National Police Officers Week in Washington.

Rutherford County Sheriff's Patrol Cpl. Stephen Lewis and Detention Sgt. David Hutsell represented the county at the vigil.

Sheriff Mike Fitzhugh said Deputy Chief Egon Grissom and county historian Greg Tucker found several newspaper accounts naming Dement as a constable when he was shot.

"We are comfortable in saying that Abner Dement was a constable in Rutherford County and that he did succumb to the wounds he received during the performance of his duty," Fitzhugh said in a letter to a memorial research manager.

Grissom said the Sheriff's Office received a letter last year from the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund requesting research of Dement to add his name to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Wall.

"It was both an honor and privilege for me to research the history of Constable Dement," Grissom said. "We are honored to memorialize such a deserving individual on the wall for all to see and remember."

Memorial representatives approved adding Dement last fall.

The Daily American newspaper in Nashville reported Constable Dement and horse owner Zachary Haynes went to arrest suspected horse thief Pinkney Bell at the house of his uncle Aug. 19, 1878.

"Upon entering the house, Constable Dement said, 'Pink, you are my prisoner,'" the newspaper reported.

Bell replied, "Who are you? Hold on" and retreated to a wall.

"Here, he shot Dement through the stomach," the newspaper reported.

Dement turned to Haynes and said, "I am shot." Haynes fired five rounds at Bell, shooting him in his arm and hand. Bell was arrested and denied shooting Dement.

Physicians who treated Dement believed his wounds would be fatal. On his death bed, Dement urged his friends not to lynch Bell but to prosecute him according to law. Dement died Sept. 7, 1878. More than 3,000 people attended his funeral.

"He was highly esteemed by a large circle of friends and acquaintances, who mourn his untimely death," the newspaper reported.

Two days after Dement's death, some of his friends shackled Bell and hung him on Halls Hill Pike.

Details of the deceased:

Rank: Constable
Panel: 7-W: 31 - location on memorial
Department: Rutherford County, Tennessee, C.O.
End of Watch: September 7, 1878
Cause: Gunfire
Age: 29

Description: On August 19, 1878, Constable Dement was shot in the abdomen as he attempted to arrest a suspect wanted for horse theft. Constable Dement was bedridden until his death three weeks later on September 7th. The suspect was removed from the county jail and lynched by an angry mob.


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